When to Use "Who or Whoever"?
Updated: May 26
Use who or whoever if you can substitute the following pronouns for the “who” phrase: he, she, they, I, we. These nominative pronouns function as subjects. The substitution test takes a statement and turns it into a question (or vice versa) to determine the correct usage.
1. Who is waiting?
Substitution phrase: • He / She is waiting.
2. Who did they say was chosen?
Substitution phrase: • He / She / I was chosen.
3. The job goes to whoever answers the ad first.
Who answers the ad first?
Substitution phrase: • He / She answers the ad first.
Excerpt from the book Grammar Essentials for Proofreading, Copyediting & Business Writing in Chapter 8: Common Usage Errors.
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